Top 10 Most Common Trees in the World

Which is the most common tree in the world?

The Red Alder is the most common tree worldwide. The pines are the world’s most abundant trees. Generally speaking there was no resistance to the idea.

It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. Take care of the trees! 

Most Common Trees in the World

1. Red Alder

Alnus rubra, the red alder, is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to western North America. They grow rapidly and can create lush forests in a very short period of time. It is the most important hardwood in the Pacific Northwest.

Scientific name: Alnus rubra
Rank: Species
Family: Betulaceae
Kingdom: Plantae

2. Green Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica, the green ash or red ash, is a species of ash native to eastern and central North America, from Nova Scotia west to southeastern Alberta and eastern Colorado, south to northern Florida, and southwest to Oklahoma and eastern Texas.

The green ash is susceptible to pest invasion which is why it is slowly dying out in countries like Michigan.

Scientific name: Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Family: Oleaceae
Rank: Species
Kingdom: Plantae

3. Quaking Aspen

Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen. It is commonly called quaking aspen, trembling aspen, American aspen, Quakies, mountain or golden aspen, trembling poplar, white poplar, popple, as well as others.

The leaves of the quaking aspen are quite small and the petioles are very flat.

Scientific name: Populus tremuloides
Rank: Species
Higher classification: Populus sect. Populus

4. White Ash

Fraxinus americana, the white ash or American ash, is a species of ash tree native to eastern and central North America.

Why is it called white ash? The white ash’s leaves are white in color, hence the name.

It is found in mesophytic hardwood forests from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota, south to northern Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas.

Scientific name: Fraxinus americana
Family: Oleaceae
Rank: Species
Higher classification: Ash
Kingdom: Plantae

5. American Basswood

Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County.

The American basswood is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 18 to 37 m (60 to 120 ft) exceptionally 39 m (128 ft) with a trunk diameter of 1–1.5 m (3–5 ft) at maturity. The soil that they grow in should have a certain amount of nitrogen and high pH levels. The leaves of the American Basswood are gorgeous.

Scientific name: Tilia americana
Higher classification: Lindens
Rank: Species

6. American Beech

Fagus grandifolia, the American beech or North American beech, is the species of beech tree native to the eastern United States and extreme southeast Canada. The genus name Fagus is Latin for “beech”, and the specific epithet grandifolia comes from grandis “large” and folium “leaf”.

Scientific name: Fagus grandifolia
Family: Fagaceae
Rank: Species
Higher classification: Beech
Kingdom: Plantae

7. Paper Birch

Betula papyrifera is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America. Paper birch is named for the tree’s thin white bark, which often peels in paper like layers from the trunk. It can withstand every kind of weather.

Scientific name: Betula papyrifera
Family: Betulaceae
Rank: Species
Order: Fagales
Higher classification: Birch

8. River Birch

Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas.

Scientific name: Betula nigra
Rank: Species
Higher classification: Birch

9. Yellow Birch

Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch or golden birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree’s bark. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced.

Scientific name: Betula alleghaniensis
Family: Betulaceae
Rank: Species
Higher classification: Birch
Order: Fagales

10. Boxelder maple

Acer negundo is a species of maple native to North America. Box elder, boxelder maple, ash-leaved maple, and maple ash are among its common names in the United States; in Canada it is commonly known as Manitoba maple and occasionally as elf maple; in the British Isles it is known as box elder or ashleaf maple.

Scientific name: Acer negundo
Family: Sapindaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Rank: Species
Higher classification: Maple